Mustang was an ancient forbidden kingdom, bordered by the Tibetan Plateau and sheltered by some of the world's tallest peaks, including 8000-meter tall Annapurna and Dhaulagiri. Strict regulations of tourists here have aided in maintaining old traditions. Upper Mustang was a restricted demilitarized area until 1992, which makes it one of the most preserved regions in the world due to its relative isolation from the outside world, with a majority of the population still speaking traditional Tibetan languages. The name "Mustang" is derived from the Tibetan word meaning, "Plain of Aspiration." Upper Mustang was only opened to foreigners in 1992 and the region is a popular area for trekking and can be visited year-round (regardless of season).
Venture out on a timeless and breathtaking journey through the Kingdom of Lo; this off-the-beaten-path region was until recently a hidden Tibetan Buddhist enclave forbidden to foreigners. From the trail, expect incredible sights like sculpted canyons with wild rock formations, deep gorges, medieval villages, ancient fortresses, palaces, and mysterious, ancient cave hermitages. You'll also see the Tibetan Buddhist gompa and soaring snow peaks that characterize this spectacular region, the "thumb" sticking up from Nepal into the Tibetan plateau.
Mustang is rich in trans-Himalayan biodiversity, where five species of zooplankton, seven nematode species, two mollusk species, one annelid species, 25 insect species (seven aquatic insects and 18 butterfly species), one spider species, 11 amphibian species, eight lizard species, five snake species, 105 bird species, and 29 mammal species have been recorded. The vegetation of Mustang is of the steppe type and consists of grasslands interspersed with scrub. Cold desiccating winds, a short growing season, low precipitation, and cold air temperatures limit the standing biomass produced from the steppe vegetation. Scrub is dominated by Juniper us Squamata on gentle slopes, whereas steeper slopes are dominated by Caragana gerardiana, Chrysosphaer ellabrevispina, and Rosa sericea, as well various species of Ephedra and Lonicera. Vegetation above 5,000 meters consists mainly of Rhododendron anthopogon, as well as Potentillabi flora and various species of Saxifrages. Little or no vegetation is found above 5,800 meters. Forest covers 3.24 percent of Mustang's total landmass. Forest cover ends near Jomsom and is very limited in Upper Mustang, which falls in the Alpine climatic area and the region is rich in medicinal and aromatic plants with very high economic and ethnomedicinal values.
This trekking itinerary to Nepal's Upper Mustang region is specially designed by the Asian Heritage team to introduce you to one of Nepal's best-preserved otherworldly destinations. Please feel free to let us know should you wish to discuss any aspects of this trip planning further and we will be very happy to tailor-make the program to suit your specific preference – if any.
Yartung Festival, Tiji Festival, and Horse racing. Upper Mustang's Tiji and Yartung Festivals are well-known. The Tiji Festival is so well-known that you can even participate in the Tiji Festival Trek. In May, the Tiji Festival takes place. It's a three-day event centered on an intriguing legend.
It's all because of increased border security and less illegal operations along the two-country border. The open border with Tibet, China, could be the first concrete explanation that Upper Mustang is a restricted territory.
The Upper Mustang hike is rated as somewhat challenging. This hike is neither as easy nor as demanding as the easy or strenuous level treks. However, like with most treks, you can adjust the difficulty level of the Upper Mustang walk to fit your preferences.
Upper Mustang is a geologically and culturally section of the Tibetan plateau, located north of Annapurna, Nepal, at an average altitude of 4,000 meters. Arid and dry valleys with colorful rock formations and several cave shelters high up in the rocks.
The Jeep excursion to Upper Mustang begins in Pokhara and brings you to Nepal's remote northwestern region, almost to the Tibetan border. No worries, we handle this all, Despite the fact that the Mustang is in poor condition, you will enjoy the ride. Because of the breathtaking scenery you'll see on your route to Mustang.
After landing at the Tribhuvan International Airport, we will be greeted by a representative of Asian Heritage Treks and Expeditions who will drop us off at our hotel. We then check in at the hotel, freshen up, and take a rest.
Accommodation: Hotel Yatri Suites and Spa.