Zanzibar, Swahili Unguja, is an island in the Indian Ocean.
It is 53 miles (85 km) at its greatest length and 24 miles (39 km) broad.
The climate is typically insular, tropical, and humid, with an average annual rainfall of 60 to 80 inches.
Zanzibar’s history was greatly shaped by its geography, the prevailing winds of the region placing it directly on the Indian Ocean trade routes and making it accessible to both traders and colonists from Arabia, south Asia, and the African mainland.
The island is famous for its mix of exotic beaches, famous spice plantations, history (Stone Town being the capital) and diverse culture.